Bullying┬árefers to any severe or repeated use by one or more persons of a written, verbal or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another person that has the effect of actually causing or placing the latter in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to one’s property; creating a hostile environment for the other person; infringing on the rights of another person; or materially and substantially disrupting the processes or orderly operation of an institution or organization. (Sec. 3(c), R.A. No. 11166)