Brigada Balaod

Out-of-court identification

Usahay, tungod kay wa mailhi ang suspek sa krimen, dalhon sa mga pulis ang testigo ngadto sa presinto og patan-awon og police lineup o rogue’s gallery aron ma-identify ang suspek.

Matod pa sa Supreme Court sa People v. Rivera, 458 Phil. 856 (2003): We ruled that a police line-up is not essential in identification and upheld the identification of the accused through a show-up. We also held that even assuming arguendo that the out-of-court identification was defective, the defect was cured by the subsequent positive identification in court for the “inadmissibility of a police line-up identification . . . should not necessarily foreclose the admissibility of an independent in-court identification.”

Apan duna gyoy defective nga out-of-court identification nga maoy hinungdan nga ma-dismiss hinuon ang kaso. Kini kon ang mga pulis misugyot na ngadto sa testigo kinsa ang itudlo.

Matod pa sa People v. Arapok, 400 Phil. 1277, 1300 (2000): We find that the out-of-court identification of accused-appellant, which is a show-up, falls short of “totality of circumstances” test. Specifically, there was no prior description given by the witness to the police at any time after the incident; and we cannot discount the possibility that the police may have influenced the identification under the circumstances by which accused-appellant was presented to him. This Court has held in People vs. Salguero that this kind of identification, where the attention of the witness is directed to a lone suspect, is suggestive. Also, in People vs. Niño, this Court described this type of out-of-court identification as being “pointedly suggestive, generated confidence where there was none, activated visual imagination, and, all told, subverted their reliability as eye-witnesses.” (gitangtang na ang citations)

Sa ato pa, kinahanglan kining mosunod: (1) dunay deskripsyon gikan sa testigo, nga naghatag ideya sa mga pulis kinsa ang posibleng suspek; ug (2) walay pagsugyot gikan sa mga pulis. Pananglitan, gipakita sa testigo ang suspetsado, apan siya lamang usa. Sagad moingon gayod ang testigo nga mao na, labi na kon ang testigo suod nga kabanay (labi nag kapikas sa kinabuhi) sa gipatay. O di ba kaha, bisan dunay deskripsyon gikan sa testigo, ang gipakita usa lamang gayod ang mo-fit sa deskripsyon (gipa-line up ang lima ka tambok ug usa ka naay tattoo unya ang deskripsyon sa testigo dunay tattoo ang suspek).

Alang sa inyong mga pangutanang legal, mahimo kamong mo-text sa 0916-664-7624.

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